The Charge of Hypocrisy in Matthew 23 and in Jewish Sources

by Moshe Weinfeld

Matthew 23 constitutes, as is known, a charge sheet against the Pharisees. The main charge is hypocrisy. The author compiled all sorts of traditions and structured them in a way that would enhance the image of insincerity and hypocrisy.1Cf. D. Flusser, “Two Anti-Jewish Montages in Matthew,” Immanuel 5 (Summer 1975), 37-45. For the nature of the composition of Matthew 23, cf. recently D.E. Garland, The Intention of Matthew 23 (Supplements to Novum Testamentum 52; Leiden, 1979). The chapter may be divided into three main parts: 1) the programmatic section (Mt 23:1-12); 2) seven passages that open with “woe to hypocrites” (Mt 23:13-30); and 3) a concluding section about the doom of Jerusalem (Mt 23:31-39). Continue reading

Notes   [ + ]

1. Cf. D. Flusser, “Two Anti-Jewish Montages in Matthew,” Immanuel 5 (Summer 1975), 37-45. For the nature of the composition of Matthew 23, cf. recently D.E. Garland, The Intention of Matthew 23 (Supplements to Novum Testamentum 52; Leiden, 1979).

Pentacost as Festival of the Giving of the Law

by Moshe Weinfeld

It is still a prevalent view that Pentecost as a festival commemorating the revelation at Sinai and giving of the law (זמן מתן תורתינו)l1Cf. Amidah liturgy of Shavuot. See J. Elbogen, Der Jüdische Gottesdienst in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung3, 1931, p. 138. cannot be earlier than the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 C.E. Thus for example, E. Lohse in his article Πεντηκοστή2Theologisches Worterbuch zum NT, Band VI, 1959, s.v. (English translation in Theological Dict. of NT, vol. VI, 1968). states that ‘only in the Christian period do we find evidence that later Judaism linked this feast too with the events of the age of Moses, and particularly remembered the giving of the law at Sinai on this day. Continue reading

Notes   [ + ]

1. Cf. Amidah liturgy of Shavuot. See J. Elbogen, Der Jüdische Gottesdienst in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung3, 1931, p. 138.
2. Theologisches Worterbuch zum NT, Band VI, 1959, s.v. (English translation in Theological Dict. of NT, vol. VI, 1968).