Some Notes to the Beatitudes

(Matthew 5:3-12, Luke 6:20-26)

by David Flusser

In one of my articles1D. Flusser, “Blessed are the Poor in Spirit,” Israel Exploration Journal Vol. 10, Jerusalem, 1960, pp. 1-13. I tried to show the Essene background of Jesus’ Beatitudes, and at the same time succeeded in finding in the Thanksgiving Scroll (XVIII, 14-15) a passage, which not only comes near to the general ideology of the Beatitudes, but also resembles Mt. 5:3-5 in literary patterns. The sectarian author thanks God:

To [have appointed] me in truth
a messenger [of the peace] of Thy goodness
to proclaim to the meek the multitude of
Thine mercies, and to let them that are
of contrite spirit
[hear salvation]
from [everlasting] source and to
them that mourn
everlasting joy.
Matthew 5:3-5
3. Blessed are the poor in spirit,
for theirs is the kingdom of heaven,
5. Blessed are the meek,
for they shall inherit the earth,
4. Blessed are they that mourn,
for they shall be comforted.

Continue reading

Notes   [ + ]

1. D. Flusser, “Blessed are the Poor in Spirit,” Israel Exploration Journal Vol. 10, Jerusalem, 1960, pp. 1-13.

Pentacost as Festival of the Giving of the Law

by Moshe Weinfeld

It is still a prevalent view that Pentecost as a festival commemorating the revelation at Sinai and giving of the law (זמן מתן תורתינו)l1Cf. Amidah liturgy of Shavuot. See J. Elbogen, Der Jüdische Gottesdienst in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung3, 1931, p. 138. cannot be earlier than the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 C.E. Thus for example, E. Lohse in his article Πεντηκοστή2Theologisches Worterbuch zum NT, Band VI, 1959, s.v. (English translation in Theological Dict. of NT, vol. VI, 1968). states that ‘only in the Christian period do we find evidence that later Judaism linked this feast too with the events of the age of Moses, and particularly remembered the giving of the law at Sinai on this day. Continue reading

Notes   [ + ]

1. Cf. Amidah liturgy of Shavuot. See J. Elbogen, Der Jüdische Gottesdienst in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung3, 1931, p. 138.
2. Theologisches Worterbuch zum NT, Band VI, 1959, s.v. (English translation in Theological Dict. of NT, vol. VI, 1968).