Pentacost as Festival of the Giving of the Law

by Moshe Weinfeld

It is still a prevalent view that Pentecost as a festival commemorating the revelation at Sinai and giving of the law (זמן מתן תורתינו)l1Cf. Amidah liturgy of Shavuot. See J. Elbogen, Der Jüdische Gottesdienst in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung3, 1931, p. 138. cannot be earlier than the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 C.E. Thus for example, E. Lohse in his article Πεντηκοστή2Theologisches Worterbuch zum NT, Band VI, 1959, s.v. (English translation in Theological Dict. of NT, vol. VI, 1968). states that ‘only in the Christian period do we find evidence that later Judaism linked this feast too with the events of the age of Moses, and particularly remembered the giving of the law at Sinai on this day. Continue reading

Notes   [ + ]

1. Cf. Amidah liturgy of Shavuot. See J. Elbogen, Der Jüdische Gottesdienst in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung3, 1931, p. 138.
2. Theologisches Worterbuch zum NT, Band VI, 1959, s.v. (English translation in Theological Dict. of NT, vol. VI, 1968).